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Most of us have knowledge of PCB construction. In the past reversing someone’s design was an easy task due to the simplicity of the PCB design. Now with BGAs (ball grid arrays), manufacturers using several plane layers cover the entire PCB design and obscuring the details of the PCB from view. Thru the use of X-ray, we are able to reverse engineer virtually anything.

Learning Objectives:
1: Understand why securing hardware through obscuring the view is not effective.
2: Understand how to improve design security by knowing almost everything can be revealed by X-ray
3: Understand that X-ray instruments are not as dangerous as everyone thinks.