Paul Kocher is a renowned cryptographer, whose research is focused on the algorithms, hardware and software that underpin the security of modern systems. His technical work includes co-discovering the recently disclosed Spectre vulnerability, co-authoring the SSL/TLS 3.0 standards, architecting numerous hardware security cores and discovering differential power analysis. He founded Cryptography Research in 1995, led the company through its acquisition by Rambus in 2011 where he served as Chief Scientist until 2017. Kocher now advises numerous security startups. Kocher is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and serves on the National Academies’ Forum on Cyber Resilience.